Heart attack results from interruption or blockage in the flow of blood to the heart. It is surprising that why heart lacks blood when it is always pumping blood but the fact is that the heart cannot use the blood inside it and is dependant on supply for fulfilling its needs. The blood is supplied by coronary arteries to the entire heart muscles. These arteries might get clogged by plaque which is composed of fat, cholesterol and other substances. This builds up against walls of arteries eventually buds off in the form of the clot. This clot can block blood flow or minimize it leading to symptoms of a heart attack.
A heart attack is a fatal health condition but over years the treatment and rehabilitation have improved health outcomes dramatically. First and foremost precaution against a heart attack is to know its causes and symptoms. Knowing the causes of heart attack you can evaluate your risk and practice precautionary measures to hamper your chances of getting a heart attack. A know-how f symptoms are essential to recognize a heart attack in case you or any other person near you gets affected. This enables you to call for help promptly and save patients’ life. You can find and consult the best cardiologists in Pakistan using Marham.pk and stay up to date with the status of your heart health.
Let’s take a look at what risk factors enhance the chances of having a heart attack.
Risk Factors of Heart Attack
Factors which intensify the likelihood of having a heart attack include:
In men risk of heart attack increases after 45 years of age and women, it increases after they hit their fifties and beyond. A heart attack is less likely in young adults.
Obese people have high cholesterol and are prone to diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes. All of which teams up to increase the chances of a heart attack.
The use of tobacco is associated with increasing the risk of heart problems.
Diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and autoimmune disorders like lupus also increase the chances of having a heart attack.
If any of your close relatives have had a heart attack in their life you are at an increased risk compared to those who do not have this disorder int their family.
Being a couch potato increases obesity and cholesterol levels. Those who exercise have better endurance, heart health, and lower blood pressure as well.
Stress is known to create responses that can increase the risk of a heart attack.
Having affected with preeclampsia is known to elevate the chances of having a heart attack.
Symptoms of Heart Attack
Sign and symptoms of a heart attack include the following:
- Tension, tightness, or pain in the chest that spreads to the neck, jaw, and shoulder.
- Feeling nauseous
- Poor digestion
- Shortness of breath
- Sudden dizziness
- Profused cold sweating
To avoid any emergency in your life related to heart health always keep an eye on your cholesterol level and get regular checkups with the best cardiologists in town. Marham.pk enables you to find and consult the best health specialists in all major cities of Pakistan. You can find doctors nearest to your location, book appointments, get online consultations and avail amazing benefits using our services.